NADPH/NADP+ (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) is the reduced form of NADP+.
NADPH/NADP+ work to transfer electrons and protons (hydrogen ions, H+) to and from the enzymes needed to drive many anabolic biochemical reactions. This makes each a cofactor, or ‘helper molecule’.
(An anabolic reaction is one in which a larger molecule is synthesised from smaller ones — plants building carbohydrates from carbon dioxide is one such example.)
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